Types of therapy
What different therapies are there?
Talking therapies can differ in:
- their focus (for example, learning about more yourself by talking about your past, or working on overcoming a specific problem you have now)
- the techniques the therapist might use during sessions
- the academic theory behind them.
Person-centred counselling: Focuses on using your own strengths and insight about yourself to encourage personal growth and improve relationships.
Creative therapy: Introduces a wide range of techniques which can help you find a way of expressing yourself beyond words or traditional talking therapies. It can include visual arts therapy, writing, sand play, dance movement therapy, drama therapy and music therapy. Therapists may use different approaches at different times to suit the needs of the client.
Brief therapy: Brief therapy is a short-term therapy which focuses on finding solutions and making positive changes rather than focusing on the past causes of problems. Your therapist will encourage you to look at what you do well, set goals and work out how to achieve them.
Child-led therapy: Primarily used with children, this uses play as a communication tool to help them express their feelings and deal with emotional problems. It can be used to diagnose the reasons for difficult behaviour, to allow children to work through their anxieties or as a relearning and desensitisation therapy.
Solution-focused brief therapy: This therapy promotes positive change rather than dwelling on past problems. Practitioners will encourage you to focus positively on what you do well, set goals and work out how to achieve them.
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT): teaches skills to help individuals live and behave in ways consistent with personal values while developing psychological flexibility.
AutPlay Therapy: Incorporates a combination of structured play therapy interventions, behavioural approaches, and relationship development to improve skill deficits in the areas of emotional regulation, social functioning, and relationship connection. When children can learn to self regulate, possess social skills that relate to the environments they are asked to function in, and learn appropriate and meaningful relationship connection, they are less likely to have behavioural issues and more likely to function in their day-to-day environment successfully.
Pet therapy: A guided interaction between a person and a trained animal. It also involves the animal’s handler. The purpose of pet therapy is to help someone recover from or cope with a health problem or mental disorder.
Theraplay : A structured play therapy for children and their parents. Its goal is to enhance attachment, self-esteem, trust in others, and joyful engagement. The sessions are designed to be fun, physical, personal, and interactive and replicate the natural, healthy interactions between parents and young children.